Texas Dreams of Green: The Path to Legalizing Weed in the Lone Star State

Written by: Robyn Blaze



Time to read 13 min

In the United States, the narrative surrounding cannabis is rapidly evolving, with legalization efforts making significant strides across the country. Once enveloped in stigma and stringent legal restrictions, marijuana is now experiencing a dramatic renaissance. From coast to coast, states are rewriting the script on cannabis, moving away from prohibition and towards regulated, legal markets. This sea change is reflective of a broader societal shift towards recognizing the potential benefits of cannabis, both medicinal and recreational.

Amidst this national transformation, Texas stands out as a poignant example of the complexities and potential for change within its borders. Known for its distinct cultural and political identity, the Lone Star State is currently navigating the contentious debate around the legalization of marijuana. Here, the journey toward legalization is not just a legislative battle; it's a reflection of changing attitudes, economic considerations, and a growing acknowledgment of the failures of the war on drugs.

While this article will not center on individual narratives, it's important to acknowledge the experiences that illuminate the broader conversation about cannabis in Texas. One such story is that of Jerry Joyner, a North Texas resident whose past encounters with the law over cannabis possession highlight the personal stakes many Texans have in this issue. As reported, Joyner's experience—from facing legal repercussions to becoming an advocate for cannabis—sheds light on the evolving discourse and the shifting landscape of cannabis legality and culture in the state.

As Texas contemplates its next steps, the discussion around legalizing marijuana is multi-faceted, involving economic, legal, and social dimensions. This article aims to explore the path Texas might take towards embracing a greener future, examining the potential impacts, challenges, and opportunities that lie ahead in the quest to legalize weed in the Lone Star State.

Photo of woman passing a joint but only the joint is in focus
Photo by Chase Fade on Unsplash

The Current State of Cannabis in Texas

In Texas, the legal framework surrounding cannabis remains tightly regulated, confining its legal use to medical purposes only—and even then, under stringent conditions. The state's Compassionate Use Program permits the use of low-THC cannabis, but only for patients suffering from a narrow set of medical conditions. This legislation reflects a cautious approach to cannabis, one that contrasts sharply with the broader liberalization trends seen across the United States.

Across the nation, the landscape of cannabis legality is markedly diverse. As of now, a growing number of states have embraced the full legalization of marijuana for both medicinal and recreational use, reflecting a significant shift in public opinion and policy. These states have established regulated markets for cannabis, allowing adults to purchase and consume it much like alcohol. This shift towards legalization not only acknowledges the ineffectiveness of previous prohibitionist policies but also aims to combat the black market, ensuring product safety and generating substantial tax revenue.

In the midst of these evolving attitudes towards cannabis, the 2018 U.S. Farm Bill marked a pivotal moment for hemp and CBD products nationwide. By removing hemp from the Controlled Substances Act, the bill effectively legalized the cultivation, production, and sale of hemp-derived products, provided they contain no more than 0.3% THC on a dry weight basis. This legislation catalyzed a boom in the CBD industry, with products ranging from oils and tinctures to creams and edibles flooding the market. In Texas, as in the rest of the country, the availability of hemp-derived CBD products has surged, offering consumers a plethora of non-psychoactive options for wellness and therapeutic use.

Despite these developments, the contrast between Texas and states with legalized recreational cannabis remains stark. While consumers in states like Colorado, California, and Michigan enjoy access to a wide range of cannabis products for recreational use, Texans are confined to a much narrower scope of legally permissible options. This disparity highlights not only the patchwork nature of cannabis legislation in the United States but also the ongoing debate over the best path forward for cannabis policy—a debate that continues to unfold in the Lone Star State.

The Texas legislature's session in 2023 was marked by a palpable sense of inertia concerning significant cannabis reform, reflecting a broader pattern of political roadblocks that have historically impeded progress in this area. Despite mounting evidence of public support for both medical cannabis expansion and the outright legalization of marijuana, proposed bills aimed at advancing these causes struggled to gain traction. This legislative stagnation stands in stark contrast to the evolving attitudes among Texas residents, who, according to recent polls, are increasingly in favor of more progressive cannabis policies.

Personal Perspectives: Jerry Joyner’s Journey

Jerry Joyner's story is emblematic of the evolving narrative around cannabis in Texas. With deep roots in North Texas, Joyner's relationship with cannabis began in a time and place where the plant's use was clandestine and fraught with legal peril. In 1992, this reality hit home for Joyner when he was arrested for possession of just two joints in Collin County—a stark reminder of the stringent laws governing cannabis and the risks faced by those who chose to use it.

Despite the personal setbacks and legal challenges, Joyner's journey with cannabis didn't end there. Instead, it marked the beginning of a transformation, not just for him but potentially for the broader legal and cultural landscape of cannabis in Texas. Over the years, Joyner has transitioned from a user who had to conceal his consumption into a prominent advocate and entrepreneur within the cannabis industry. His venture, Weed and Whiskey TV, serves as a platform for education and entertainment around cannabis, reaching audiences far beyond the Lone Star State. Furthermore, his involvement in the creation and distribution of a line of low-cost cannabis gummies in Texas represents a bold step into the burgeoning world of cannabis products, signaling a shift towards a more open and regulated cannabis market.

Joyner's transformation from a figure once marginalized by cannabis laws to a leading voice in the industry underscores the significant changes underway in Texas and across the nation. As noted by Brian Scott in his article "New year may bring big change to federal cannabis restrictions" on Spectrum News 1, the landscape of cannabis legislation is poised for potential federal changes that could further alter the industry and enhance the work of advocates like Joyner. This context of shifting perspectives and laws provides a backdrop against which Joyner's story unfolds, highlighting the personal impact of cannabis laws and the ongoing fight for reform in Texas and beyond.

The Push for Change: Legalization Efforts and Public Opinion

The trajectory toward cannabis reform in the United States is increasingly influenced by two pivotal forces: potential federal legislative changes and shifting public opinion. At the heart of the legislative debate is the discussion around the federal rescheduling of cannabis, which currently sits as a Schedule I drug under the Controlled Substances Act—a classification reserved for substances deemed to have a high potential for abuse and no accepted medical use. This status places cannabis alongside drugs like heroin and LSD, a categorization many advocates and experts argue is both outdated and incongruous with current understanding and societal norms.

A significant shift in this federal stance could catalyze a transformation across the cannabis landscape. Rescheduling cannabis to a lower classification, such as Schedule III, would not only acknowledge its medical utility but also potentially ease restrictions on research, banking, and taxation for cannabis businesses. This change could provide a substantial boost to the industry, removing some of the financial and logistical hurdles that currently constrain its growth.

Public sentiment mirrors—and arguably drives—the momentum for legislative reform. Recent Gallup Polls underscore a remarkable shift in Americans' attitudes toward cannabis legalization. A record high percentage of the U.S. population now supports the legalization of marijuana, revealing a dramatic turn in public opinion over the past few decades. This growing acceptance spans across political and demographic lines, suggesting a broad consensus on the need for change and challenging lawmakers to align policies with the preferences of their constituents.

Jerry Joyner, with his deep-rooted involvement in the cannabis industry and personal history with cannabis legislation, offers a unique perspective on these potential changes. Joyner sees the rescheduling of cannabis not merely as a regulatory shift but as a significant step toward rectifying past injustices and unlocking the plant's full economic, medicinal, and social potential. From his vantage point, the impact of rescheduling could extend beyond the practical aspects of taxation and banking, fostering a more comprehensive and nuanced understanding of cannabis within society.

Joyner's advocacy and entrepreneurial endeavors are emblematic of the broader movement pushing for change in Texas and across the nation. As both a participant in and observer of the evolving cannabis industry, Joyner underscores the importance of aligning legal frameworks with the realities of cannabis use and the overwhelming tide of public opinion. This alignment, he argues, is crucial for advancing towards a future where cannabis is recognized for its benefits, regulated for safety, and accessible to those who need it.

The Rotunda and Dome at the Texas State Capitol Building
Photo by Ryan Wallace on Unsplash

State vs. Federal: The Complex Legal Landscape

The legal landscape surrounding cannabis in the United States is marked by a complex and often contradictory patchwork of regulations. At the heart of this complexity lies a fundamental discrepancy: while an increasing number of states have moved to legalize or decriminalize cannabis for medical and recreational use, it remains classified as a Schedule I controlled substance at the federal level. This divergence creates a multitude of legal and operational challenges for states like Texas, where the movement towards more progressive cannabis policies is gaining traction but is still in its nascent stages.

The disparity between state and federal cannabis laws has significant implications, particularly regarding regulation and safety. In states where cannabis is legal, the absence of a unified federal framework complicates the establishment of consistent, nationwide standards for production, testing, and sale. This lack of regulation can lead to safety concerns, as products may not undergo the rigorous testing required to ensure they are free from contaminants and accurately labeled with THC content. Consumers, as a result, might face risks that could be mitigated through more comprehensive oversight.

In Texas, the conversation around cannabis reform and regulation is further complicated by the state's legal actions against city-level decriminalization efforts. Attorney General Ken Paxton has been vocal in his opposition to such initiatives, arguing that they contravene state law. For example, Paxton has taken legal action against Texas cities that have passed ordinances decriminalizing possession of small amounts of marijuana, contending that these local measures cannot supersede state legislation. This stance underscores the ongoing tension between state authority and local autonomy, highlighting a key battleground in the wider debate over cannabis policy.

Paxton's opposition to decriminalization efforts at the city level reflects a broader resistance within certain segments of Texas' political landscape to the liberalization of cannabis laws. This resistance is emblematic of the challenges faced by advocates working to align Texas' cannabis policies more closely with those of other states that have embraced legalization. As Texas continues to grapple with these issues, the debate over how best to regulate and manage cannabis—balancing safety, legality, and individual freedoms—remains a critical concern for policymakers, industry stakeholders, and citizens alike.

Local Initiatives and Legal Battles

In the Lone Star State, the push for cannabis reform has found fertile ground at the local level, where a number of cities have embarked on efforts to decriminalize the possession of small amounts of marijuana. Austin and San Marcos stand out as pioneers in this movement, having passed measures that signal a significant shift in local law enforcement priorities away from penalizing minor cannabis offenses. These initiatives reflect a growing acknowledgment within communities that the resources devoted to enforcing cannabis prohibition could be better utilized addressing more serious crimes.

However, these progressive steps taken by Texas cities have not gone unchallenged. The Texas Attorney General, Ken Paxton, has mounted legal opposition against these local decriminalization efforts, asserting that they contravene state laws. Paxton’s lawsuits against cities like Austin and San Marcos are emblematic of the legal and ideological tug-of-war between state-level authorities and local jurisdictions seeking to reform cannabis laws within their own boundaries. This clash underscores the complexities of navigating cannabis policy reform in a state where local autonomy and state oversight intersect in contentious ways.

Grassroots Movements (Pun Intended)

Amid these legal battles, organizations such as Ground Game Texas have emerged as pivotal players in the drive for local decriminalization initiatives. Ground Game Texas has been instrumental in mobilizing community support, gathering signatures for petitions, and educating the public about the benefits of cannabis reform. Their efforts have not only succeeded in bringing the issue to the ballot in several cities but have also galvanized a grassroots movement that transcends the traditional political divide, uniting a diverse coalition of Texans around the cause of cannabis decriminalization.

The involvement of organizations like Ground Game Texas highlights the significant role that civic engagement and community advocacy play in shaping policy at the local level. Despite facing legal challenges from state authorities, these local initiatives and the organizations behind them continue to advocate for a reevaluation of cannabis laws, championing a more nuanced and compassionate approach to cannabis that prioritizes public health, safety, and justice. As these legal and political battles unfold, the outcome of these local decriminalization efforts could set important precedents for the future of cannabis policy reform in Texas and beyond.

Legislative Inertia and the Path Forward

It’s what the people want

Public opinion in Texas mirrors a nationwide trend toward greater acceptance of cannabis, with a substantial portion of the population advocating for the medical and recreational use of marijuana to be legalized. This growing consensus, however, has yet to translate into substantive legislative action at the state level, where political hurdles continue to obstruct reform efforts. The disconnect between public sentiment and political will is a significant barrier to change, raising questions about the responsiveness of elected officials to the preferences of their constituents.

What the future may hold

Looking ahead, the future of cannabis policy in Texas remains uncertain, yet there are reasons to be cautiously optimistic. Local decriminalization efforts, such as those in Austin and San Marcos, signal a grassroots momentum that could potentially sway state-level policy decisions. Moreover, the possibility of federal shifts in cannabis regulation—such as the rescheduling of marijuana or the enactment of laws that provide states with greater autonomy over cannabis policy—could further catalyze change within Texas.

Should federal restrictions ease, Texas might find itself at a crossroads, faced with the choice of maintaining its current stance or aligning with a national trend toward legalization and regulation. The outcome of this decision will undoubtedly be influenced by the continued advocacy of grassroots organizations, the evolving perspectives of the Texas electorate, and the dynamic landscape of cannabis policy at the federal level.

As Texas navigates the complex interplay of local initiatives, state legislation, and federal policy, the path forward for cannabis reform in the Lone Star State is likely to be characterized by both challenges and opportunities. The ultimate direction of this journey will hinge on the ability of advocates, policymakers, and the public to build a consensus around the need for a more rational, just, and humane approach to cannabis.

photo of hands passing a joint
Photo by Jeff W on Unsplash


As we puff, puff, pass through the smoky haze of legislative inertia and into the greener pastures of potential legalization, it's clear that the winds of change are blowing a dank scent across Texas and beyond. From the high plains of the Panhandle to the coastal vibes of the Gulf, Texans are tuning in (and not dropping out) to the chorus of voices calling for cannabis reform. This growing momentum isn't just about getting the green light to light up; it's about recognizing the myriad benefits legalization could roll into our great state: economic growth that could buy a lot of tacos, social justice that’s more satisfying than a perfectly rolled joint, and legal advancements that feel like finally finding your lighter after searching for hours.

As a self-proclaimed stoner and cannabis advocate, I, Robyn Blaze, dream of a Texas where the only thing higher than our skyscrapers is... well, you know. A place where our economy blooms like a well-tended cannabis plant, our social policies reflect compassion and common sense, and our legal system recognizes that the only "danger" of getting too high is accidentally binge-watching an entire series instead of just one episode.

In this vision of the future, the role of advocacy, public opinion, and legislative action is clear: to create a Texas that's as chill about cannabis as we are about our love for barbecue and football. So, as we pass the joint of progress around the circle of public discourse, let's keep pushing, speaking out, and voting until the Lone Star State shines green with the light of legalization. And remember, in the wise words of... someone probably high at the time, "The only bad weed is no weed at all."

Here's to a future where Texas is not just big, but high on freedom, fairness, and the economic highs of legal cannabis. Keep blazing the trail, my fellow Texans, because the journey to legalization is a trip worth taking.

Robin Blaze - Cultural Correspondent & Cannabis Connoisseur

Robin Blaze

Cultural Correspondent & Cannabis Connoisseur

Robyn Blaze is a dynamic force in the world of journalism, known for her spirited exploration of cannabis culture. With a keen eye for the evolving landscape of modern culture and a deep understanding of cannabis trends, Robyn has become a trusted voice for readers seeking insight beyond the mainstream.

Beyond her written work, Robyn is a vibrant speaker and advocate for cannabis education, demystifying the plant's culture and science at conferences and public forums. Her commitment to uncovering the stories that matter, combined with her approachable demeanor, has endeared her to a diverse audience.

When she's not chasing stories or demystifying the latest cannabis products, Robyn finds joy in the simple pleasures of life. A lover of the outdoors, she often retreats to nature for inspiration, believing that the greatest stories are written by living life to the fullest.